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How to Convert Indian percentage to US GPA 4.0? – Easy Steps

How to Convert India’s Grade to US 4.0 GPA Scale

The world has about 195 countries, give or take a couple. Every school and every nation has its own method of assessing a pupil. India’s grading system is most frequently a percentage. The 1-5 score is used for countries such as Germany, and the 1 to 10 order is extended to areas such as the Netherlands. It reveals that, worldwide, there is not a single uniform form of grading system in education. Here’s how to Convert Indian percentage to US GPA 4.0 scale.

What is the Meaning Of GPA? (Grade Point Average)

GPA, short for Grade Point Average, is a measure of a student’s academic performance in a particular semester or term. In the USA, universities commonly use a 4-point GPA scale. The scale typically ranges from A (highest grade) to F (fail). Calculating GPA involves summing up all the grade points earned in courses and dividing it by the total number of classes taken.

Formula for GPA Calculation:
GPA = Total Grade Points Earned / Total Number of Classes Taken

A strong GPA can significantly benefit international students, as it plays a crucial role in securing scholarships and gaining admission to top universities.

What is the Meaning Of CGPA? (Cumulative Grade Point Average)

CGPA, or Cumulative Grade Point Average, evaluates a student’s overall academic performance throughout their entire academic journey. It is a comprehensive indicator of the student’s progress over multiple semesters. The CGPA is calculated by taking the average grade points earned across all semesters and dividing it by the total number of semesters completed.

Formula for CGPA Calculation:

CGPA = Total Grade Points of All Semesters / Total Number of Semesters Completed

Converting 10-Point CGPA to 4-Point GPA:

Indian universities often use a 10-point CGPA scale. If an international student needs to convert their CGPA to the 4-point GPA scale commonly used in the USA, most American universities are well-aware of the Indian grading system. Therefore, students generally do not need to handle the conversion themselves. Universities or their designated organizations will handle the conversion process.

However, for reference purposes, students can make a rough calculation. Here’s an example of converting a 10-point CGPA to a 4-point GPA:

If a student’s marks statement indicates a CGPA of 6.0 and the batch topper scored 8.0 CGPA, the conversion can be calculated as follows:

(6.0/8.0) X 4 = 3.

How is the US definition different from other countries?

In a slightly different way, the United States gives points. Most American colleges and universities choose a five-point system that provides students with letter scores. There are:

  • The upper end of the scale, which means fantastic
  • This indicates an above-average ranking
  • It means an average grade at the center of the scale
  • The minimum score for passing
  • The lower end of the failure-indicating scale

You should never convert your percentage from the Indian grading system to a 4.0 GPA scale since all conversion systems work differently, and your score would be incorrectly interpreted by a simple calculation. This is not equivalent to a 2.0 GPA if you earn 50 percent marks at an Indian college since this is not how the GPA is measured.

System of Indian Percentage

Indian schools and colleges use a method of grading that gives marks or grades that we then translate into a cumulative percentage. This is particularly true for schools, where students earn marks out of 100 for each subject from junior to high school, and then they measure their average percentage score.

Should Your Indian Percentage Be Converted to a US GPA?

The thing you should be wondering is whether you still need to convert your percentage to a GPA. The direct answer is no. For their internal discussion purposes, this will help the admissions officer to do his own calculation. The top-ranked American universities also receive applications from top Indian colleges, so their admission officers are already aware that GPA is not awarded here in India by schools and colleges. In fact, depending on your college or degree, they have a pretty good idea of which percentage score is good.

So it’s the best thing to clearly state the actual marks you got.

US Grading System

The US grading system has more than an A that tells a student they have done outstanding work and an F that marks a failing grade. There is a percentage significance of each letter behind it. The table below shows what is equivalent to scoring 100 marks for each letter.


How Can the GPA Be Calculated?

A student has a corresponding quality point in the letter grade a college or school offers. A numerical quantity linked to the grade is the quality point. To translate a letter grade into a grade point, the table below is used.



Let’s assume a student gets 95 marks out of 100 in a Biology class. The mark-based letter grade is A, and the corresponding GPA is 4. A cumulative GPA is determined using the formula after the school year ends:

Cumulative GPA = (Total Received Grade Points) / (Total Taken Credit Hours)

The Total GPA in a subject = Grade in Class X Class Credit Hours.

Taking the previous example, let’s assume that the student took one more math class and got 88 out of 100, indicating a GPA of 3. If both courses, Biology, and Maths were for three credits each, the student’s total GPA will be:

Max points for grades = (4 X 3) + (3 X 3) = 12 + 9 = 21

GPA total = 21 / 6 = 3.5 = 3.5

Understanding the Indian Grading System and GPA Conversion

In the Indian grading system, student performance is assessed based on percentages, with each grade corresponding to a specific percentage range. For international students seeking to convert their Indian grades to the GPA system, the following table demonstrates the percentage to GPA conversion:

GradePercentageGPA Equivalent
B80-89%3.0 – 3.9
C70-79%2.0 – 2.9
D60-69%1.0 – 1.9
FBelow 60%0.0

In the GPA system, the grades are converted to a numerical scale, with 4.0 being the highest GPA for exceptional performance (equivalent to an “A” grade in the Indian system) and 0.0 indicating a failing grade (equivalent to an “F” grade in the Indian system).

Convert 10-Scale CGPA and Percentage to a 4.0-Scale GPA

Converting your academic grades from a 10-point CGPA scale or percentage to a 4.0-scale GPA is a common practice, especially when applying to international universities or programs that use the 4.0 GPA system. This conversion allows a standardized representation of your academic performance. Below is a table that outlines the conversion between CGPA, percentage, and the corresponding GPA on a 4.0 scale:

A+4.0> 8.585 – 100
A3.78.0 – 8.480 – 84
B+3.37.5 – 7.975 – 79
B3.07.0 – 7.470 – 74
B-2.76.5 – 6.965 – 69
C+2.36.0 – 6.460 – 64
C2.05.5 – 5.955 – 59
C-1.75.0 – 5.450 – 54
D1.34.5 – 4.945 – 49
D1.04.0 – 4.440 – 44
F0.00 – 3.90 – 39

To convert your CGPA to a 4.0-scale GPA, locate your CGPA or percentage in the table above and find the corresponding GPA value. For instance, if you have a CGPA of 7.8, it would be equivalent to a 3.3 GPA on the 4.0 scale.

Remember that GPA conversions may vary slightly between institutions, so it’s always a good idea to check with the specific university or program you are applying to for their official conversion guidelines.

Important Things To Note While Converting GPA To Grades

1. Credit Hours:
Some institutions assign credit hours to each course, reflecting the course’s weight or workload. In such cases, it is crucial to consider credit hours while calculating GPA. Multiply the numerical value of each grade by the credit hours for that course before calculating the GPA.

2. Weighted GPA:
Certain institutions employ a weighted GPA system to acknowledge the rigour of advanced courses like Honors, Advanced Placement (AP), or International Baccalaureate (IB). In a weighted system, these advanced courses are assigned a higher numerical value, which results in a higher GPA. If your institution employs a weighted GPA system, consult with your academic advisor to determine the specific conversion scale.

3. Transcripts and Conversion Tables:
When submitting your academic records, it is essential to provide the official conversion table used by your institution. This ensures transparency and helps admissions committees or other evaluators understand the grading system and GPA calculation.

Mentioning the CGPA, percentile, or percentage written in your transcripts is the smartest choice. The explanation is that, at present, there is no foolproof method of transforming points. In addition, US colleges are aware of India’s grading methodology, which is why its top universities expressly ask applicants not to do so. You can determine your US GPA with our conversion chart, seamlessly translating your Indian percentage to the US 4.0 GPA scale.

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1. How to Convert an Indian Grade into a US GPA?

With a few exceptions, most schools and universities in India use a percentage system to grade students instead of a 10-point scale or a percentile. To calculate the latter, divide the percentage by 10. Another division of marks is based on the percentile or percentage earned: Distinction or First Division, Second Division and Third Division or Pass.

2. What is SGPA?

Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA) is the sum of a student’s grades for each semester or term for the various courses the candidate has chosen. The GPA grades reflect the student’s performance over a specific semester or term. In general, the GPA scale has five grades: A, B, C, D, and F, where A is the highest grade and F is the grade that stands for fail.

3. What is CGPA?

Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is the mean average of a student’s GPA grades from his/her university or college over the course of the course. To calculate a student’s CGPA, add his/her GPA from all semesters and divide it by the sum of his total credit hours. To achieve a high CGPA, candidates must have a high GPA.

4. How is the GPA calculated?

A quality point is assigned to each letter grades a college or school assigns to a student. The quality point is a numerical value associated with the grade.

5. What is my GPA on a 4.0 scale?

A 4.0 GPA equals an A or A+, 3.0 equals a B, 2.0 equals a C, and 1.0 equals a D. When there is a plus after your grade, it means an extra one-third of a point (A- as 3.7), and if there is a minus, it means a one-third point deduction (B+ as 3.3).

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How to Convert India’s Grade to US 4.0 GPA Scale

How to Convert Indian percentage to US GPA 4.0? – Easy Steps

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