How to Convert India’s Grade to US 4.0 GPA Scale – Easy Steps

October 19, 2020

The world has about 195 countries, give or take a couple. Every school and every nation has its own method of assessing a pupil. India’s grading system is most frequently a percentage. The 1-5 score is used for countries such as Germany, and the 1 to 10 order is extended to areas such as the Netherlands. It reveals that, worldwide, there is not a single uniform form of grading system in education. Here is the conversion chart of A Grade in India to the US 4.0 GPA scale.

How is the US definition different from other countries?

In a slightly different way, the United States gives points. Most American colleges and universities choose a five-point system that provides students with letter scores. There are:

  • The upper end of the scale, which means fantastic.
  • This indicates an above-average ranking.
  • It means an average grade at the center of the scale.
  • The minimum score for passing.
  • The lower end of the failure-indicating scale.

You should never convert your percentage from the Indian grading system to a 4.0 GPA scale since all conversion systems work differently, and your score would be incorrectly interpreted by a simple calculation. This is not equivalent to a 2.0 GPA if you earn 50 percent marks at an Indian college since this is not how the GPA is measured.

System of Indian Percentage

Indian schools and colleges use a method of grading that gives marks or grades that we then translate into a cumulative percentage. This is particularly true for schools, where students earn marks out of 100 for each subject from junior to high school, and then they measure their average percentage score.

Should Your Percentage Be Converted to a GPA?

The thing you should be wondering is whether you still need to convert your percentage to a GPA. The direct answer is no. For their internal discussion purposes, this will help the admissions officer to do his own calculation. The top-ranked American universities also receive applications from top Indian colleges, so their admission officers are already aware that GPA is not awarded here in India by schools and colleges. In fact, depending on your college or degree, they have a pretty good idea of which percentage score is good.

So it’s the best thing to clearly state the actual marks you got.

What is the Meaning Behind Each Letter?

The US grading system has more than an A that tells a student they have done outstanding work and an F that marks a failing grade. There is a percentage significance of each letter behind it. The table below shows what is equivalent to scoring 100 marks for each letter.

Percentage Grade
90-100 A
80-89 B
70-79 C
60-69 D
0-59 F

How Can the GPA Be Calculated?

A student has a corresponding quality point in the letter-grade a college or school offers. A numerical quantity linked to the grade is the quality point. To translate letter-grade into a grade point, the table below is used.

Grade GPA
A 4.00
B 3.00
C 2.00
D 1.00
F 0.00


Let’s assume a student gets 95 marks out of 100 in a Biology class. The mark-based letter grade is A, and the corresponding GPA is 4. A cumulative GPA is determined using the formula after the school year ends:

Cumulative GPA = (Total Received Grade Points) / (Total Taken Credit Hours)

The Total GPA in a subject = Grade in Class X Class Credit Hours.

Taking the previous example, let’s assume that the student took one more math class and got 88 out of 100, indicating a GPA of 3. If both courses, Biology, and Maths, were for three credits each, the student’s total GPA will be:

Max points for grades = (4 X 3) + (3 X 3) = 12 + 9 = 21

GPA total = 21 / 6 = 3.5 = 3.5

How is the Indian Grade Converted Into a US-Grade?

With a few exceptions that use a 10-point scale or a percentile, most schools and universities in India choose the percentage system to rate scholars. By dividing the proportion by 10, the latter is determined. There is a further division of points, based on the percentile or percentage earned:

  • Division or Distinction First
  • The 2nd Division
  • Pass or Third Division

Refer to the table below in order to turn a division into a US grade:

A more direct way to translate a single percentage to a scale of 4.0 is: GPA= (X/20)-1

Division US Grade Equivalent
First A
Second B/B+
Third C/C+


Indian grading-based biology marks: 91 percent

To U.S. Conversion GPA = (91 ÷ 20)-1

= 4.55 – 1

= 3.555

Each application has one common question when applying for graduate or postgraduate degrees to colleges in the United States: ‘state the GPA obtained in school or college.’

Mentioning the CGPA, percentile, or percentage written in your transcripts is the smartest choice. The explanation is that, at present, there is no foolproof method of transforming points. In addition, US colleges are aware of India’s grading methodology, which is why its top universities expressly ask applicants not to do so. You can calculate your GPA using this conversion chart of A Grade in India to the US 4.0 GPA scale.

AaliyaWitten by Aaliya A piquant and humorous writer with the love to scrawl and create. For me writing is supreme. To believe that I can give words to my thoughts and connect to people through it is extraordinary.
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