What is a Good Credit Score?

what is a credit score

Written by Shreya Berry

Shreya has expertise in writing engaging content for the readers and has a deep interest in unique applications of technology in various domains. She has worked closely on projects with Neil Patel Digital, Hindustan Times, News 18 and Shiksha.

October 6, 2020

The one edge of consumer finance where your free credit score does not often determine your capacity to borrow is a student loan. Federal student loans are the rarest of financial products. You can repay most federal loans without having a credit history. As long as you are enrolled in a higher education institution. On the other hand, private student loans need credit scores—the higher the number, the lower the interest rate for you.

Credit score check evaluates the probability of repaying debt, and the three-digit rating is a hallmark of the underwriting of lenders. The general trend has been towards higher and higher credit scores being needed.

To know more about how to improve credit score and how it influences your opportunities to apply for a student loan, read on.

What is a credit score? A three-digit number extending from 300 to 850 is a credit score. Using details in your credit report, as your payment history, the amount of debt you have, and the extent of your credit history, credit scores are determined.

How to check credit score? There are several different scoring models, and in calculating credit scores, some use other data. Credit scores are used as one consideration when determining whether to give you credit. Such as a loan or credit card, by prospective lenders and borrowers. Such as banks, credit card companies, or car dealerships. Among several, it’s one aspect that lets them assess how likely they are to pay back the money they lend.

credit score check

Requesting student loans

Federal student loan eligibility is clear. You have to be a citizen of the United States, and you need to be enrolled at an accredited college. You would be needed to fill out the Free Application for Federal Student Assistance (FAFSA) to land a federal loan.

For student loans, the federal government sets restrictions. For “dependent” students, those who still rely on their parents financially, the cap is $5,500 to $7,500 a year. And, according to the U.S., a gross sum of $31,000. Education Department. The annual caps are higher for independent students, and the gross limit is $57,500 for undergraduate students and $138,500 for graduate students.

Private lenders often offer student loans if the financial needs surpass those thresholds. A credit check or a co-signer would be required to qualify for that funding. But you will also have access to more grants, even up to 100 percent of the cost of attendance, so they are a great way to offset any federal financial help.

Will you need good credit score range for a federal student loan?

The answer is no. Currently, to get most federal student loans, you don’t need any credit history. That makes sense: many people joining college have credit records yet to be developed, so if the federal government were to start scrutinizing the creditworthiness of borrowers, the student loan system would grind to a stop. The student also has a thin or non-existent credit background. Or it’s usually a negative one if they have a credit background.

Let this lack of scrutiny act as a yellow light if you’re a borrower: you can borrow tens or even hundreds of thousands of dollars throughout your college career, but with interest, you’ll have to pay it all back.

Federal PLUS loans are the exception to the law. For these, you will have to go through a credit review, but there is no minimum credit score requirement.

You would usually need a score of at least 650 or a co-signer (usually a parent) with a score in that range to secure a private loan. However, it is difficult to know the exact cutoff, since private lenders consider their credit-score criteria a trade secret.

Applying is the only way to discover whether you qualify. Many student loans with good credit score go to borrowers. 

Some lenders offer prequalification, which helps you see if you are eligible for a student loan without a hard check on your lender’s credit. When shopping around with private lenders, take advantage of these deals as much as possible.

Is it probable to get a student loan with not good credit score?

Most federal loans (except for PLUS loans) are made without background checks, so there is no barrier to spotty credit history. Your credit score will come into play, though, if you’re applying for private loans.

Recruit a parent as a co-signer if you have low credit. The lender will consider your co-signer’s credit history in this situation in addition to your own, theoretically reducing your interest rate. The downside is that the co-signer assumes partial liability for the loan, meaning that their reputation will take a blow if you fail to make payments.

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