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Variable V/S Fixed Rate Student Loan: A Guide

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If you want a student loan, you will be presented with the option between a variable vs. fixed rate student loan. While the lowest rate of interest available is the most essential for all, it still matters whether or not the interest rate will adjust down the line. Discussing variable vs. fixed rate student loan, while variable interest rates fluctuate, fixed interest rates don’t change. The best decision depends on the kind of borrower you are, your potential earnings, and whether you can afford to repay fairly. For student loans, here’s the overview of variables and set interest rates.

Variable vs. Fixed Rate Student Loan : Which Is The Best?

While deciding when to pick a variable vs. fixed rate student loan, below are a few scenarios to consider. This will help you understand if is it better to get a fixed or variable student loan.

When Can A Fixed Rate Loan Be Chosen?

Fixed interest rates are rates that remain the same over the repayment period on your student loan. The only way your interest rate would change is if your student loans are combined or refinanced.

Each month, fixed interest rates offer you the same payout, which ensures your spending stays consistent. All federal student loans have set interest rates, and with private lenders, fixed rates are usually an option.

Here are some of the advantages of a student loan at fixed rates:

Interest Never Changes

When it comes to fixed interest rates, there are no surprises. Your interest rate never increases, so even if interest rates on student loans escalate due to market dynamics, you can always profit from the rate you first take out.

The Reimbursement Package Is Consistent

Since student loans are usually repaid over 10 or 15 years, if you encounter income problems, you would be allowed to hold the monthly cost the same, which is particularly beneficial.

When To Pick A Loan With Variable Rates?

Variable interest rates are rates that, like the prime rate that fluctuates depending on an index rate. The interest rate changes, implying that, depending on a modified interest rate, your monthly payments could increase or fall. While you may start paying a lower interest rate than you would with a fixed-interest loan, there is a risk that later on you may get a higher interest rate. Along with fixed-term options, private student loans appear to offer flexible interest rates.

Below are some of the advantages of a student loan with variable rates:

Usually, rates are lower:

Variable interest rates are sometimes much lower, especially upon sign-up than fixed interest rates.

Benefit from any shifts in the market

You can pay less for your debt if interest rates decline. This is particularly important if, until interest rates increase again, you can pay off your debt fast.

Factors To Consider For Variable Vs. Fixed Rate Student Loan

Although all variable vs. fixed rate student loans have advantages, there are several factors that need to be weighed.

For fixed-rate loans, things to look out for include:

Typically higher starting rates:

The advertised cost for fixed rates is usually greater than that for variable rates, provided that fixed interest never varies.

No rate decrease advantage:

People with flexible rates can gain a large sum on their monthly costs in settings where interest rates decline, but people with fixed interest rates will still be bound to their higher rates.

For variable-rate loans, things to look out for include:

Possible volatile variance:

Since variable interest rates are linked to market conditions, you could have a higher interest rate on the same form of loan than for a fixed interest rate.

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Varying monthly payments:

From month to month, the higher your interest rate, the higher your bill, and your monthly balance will adjust.

Who is a fixed-rate student loan best for?

For borrowers who don’t have a lot of wiggle room to account for an adjustable interest rate, fixed interest rates are perfect. It is perfect for low-income earners who can only give student loan repayments a certain sum of money every month and can not afford to spend more in the event that their interest rate and minimum cost go up.

Who is a variable-rate student loan best for?

For borrowers with the best credit who are eligible for the lowest possible interest rate, flexible interest rates are fine. For borrowers who plan to pay off their debt as quickly as possible, certain kinds of interest rates are fantastic. If you see an incredibly low rate, you might pay off the loan until rates have a chance to increase, or you might continue to make higher payments more frequently.

Variable-interest-rate loans will help consumers with high-paying occupations and others who don’t mind fluctuating payments. You might end up saving a ton of money over the term of the loan if you can handle the wiggle room inside your budget.

Moving Ahead:

If you’re thinking about refinancing student loan debt, the type of interest rate i.e. Variable vs. Fixed rate student loan can be a determining factor in where you borrow from. The first thing you will want to do is look at your overall financial circumstances and determine what sort of student loan would be good for you. Federal student loans only have set interest rates, plus a number of conditions for repayment.

Private student loans appear to give both set and flexible interest rates, allowing you the option of taking advantage of the one that fits your finances and repayment schedule better. A fixed interest rate could be a good match if you like seeing the same set sum per month. A flexible interest rate could fit well if you believe you can pay off your student loans before prices have a chance to increase.

No matter what kind of student loan you are going for, make sure you get quotes from a few lenders for student loans, where UniCreds will help you do that and choose the best deal available. It would help you ensure that the least amount of interest necessary is charged from you.


1. What is the difference between a variable and fixed interest rate student loan?

A variable interest rate student loan has an interest rate that fluctuates over time, whereas a fixed interest rate student loan has an interest rate that remains constant during the loan’s term.

2. Which type of student loan is best for me?

It is determined by your own financial status and risk tolerance. A variable interest rate loan may be a smart option if you are fine with the risk of interest rates altering. A fixed rate loan, on the other hand, may be a better alternative if you prefer the stability and predictability of a constant interest rate.

3. Does the loan term affect the interest rate?

Yes, the loan period does have an effect on the interest rate. In general, the greater the interest rate, the longer the loan duration.

4. Are variable rate student loans more expensive in the long run?

Since the interest rate on a variable rate loan can vary, potentially increasing over time, it can be more expensive in the long term. A fixed rate loan, on the other hand, will have a stable interest rate throughout the loan’s term.

5. Can I switch from a variable rate student loan to a fixed rate student loan?

It is determined by the loan conditions as well as the lender’s policy. Some lenders will let you refinance your loan to go from a variable to a fixed rate, while others will refuse. Check with your lender to determine whether this is a possibility for you.

If you liked this blog on Variable Vs. Fixed Rates Student Loan, then make sure you check out our other informative blogs linked below!

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How to Convert India’s Grade to US 4.0 GPA Scale

Variable V/S Fixed Rate Student Loan: A Guide